Idukki, the second largest district of Kerala, is a haven for nature enthusiasts, boasting picturesque hills, dense forests, and rich biodiversity. Among its many attractions, the Idukki Dam stands out as a remarkable feat of engineering and a popular destination for travelers. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of Idukki Dam and explore the wonders it has to offer.
Idukki Dam: A Parabolic Marvel
Rising majestically across the Periyar River, the Idukki Dam is a double-curvature arch dam that spans a narrow gorge between two imposing granite hills named Kuravan and Kurathi. Located in the village of Mariyapuram, Kerala, this architectural marvel stands at an impressive height of 167.7 meters, making it one of the tallest arch dams in Asia and the third tallest in the world.
One of the primary reasons for the fame of Idukki Dam is its role in supporting a 780 MW hydroelectric power station. Since its inception on October 4, 1975, the dam has been a vital source of electricity for the state of Kerala. The power station harnesses the immense force of the Periyar River to generate clean and renewable energy, contributing significantly to the region’s power supply.
Idyllic Experiences at Idukki Dam
When visiting Idukki Dam, there are several exciting activities and attractions that await you:
- Boat Ride on the Reservoir:
- Explore Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary:
- Stroll Around Hill View Park:
- Discover Cheruthoni Dam, Kulamuvu Dam, and Waterfalls:
Embark on a soothing boat ride that takes you through the vast dam reservoir, starting from Kulamuva Dam and concluding at Cheruthoni Dam. The three-hour journey allows ample time to immerse yourself in the natural beauty surrounding you. As you glide through the tranquil waters, keep an eye out for various bird species, and if luck favors you, you might even spot deer, elephants, and bison along the shore. Don’t miss the opportunity to witness breathtaking sunsets from the boat, creating a magical ambiance.
Just a short distance from the dam lies the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers alike. Spread across 78 square kilometers, this tropical evergreen forest is enveloped by the lake formed by the three dams. Within its lush green expanse, you can encounter snakes, bison, deer, elephants, and a diverse array of bird species. Prepare to be captivated by the raw beauty of nature as you explore this enchanting sanctuary.
Situated atop a hillock, approximately 360 feet above the Idukki Arch Dam, Hill View Park offers a breathtaking panoramic view of the dam and the neighboring Cheurthoni Dam. Take a leisurely stroll through the park, which features a children’s play area, a pond, an herbal garden, and a Government-run Guest House for accommodation. Don’t forget to bring your binoculars to enhance your view of the surrounding landscape.
While at Idukki Dam, make sure to visit nearby attractions such as the Cheruthoni Dam, known for its magnificent concrete gravity structure, and the Kulamuva Dam, renowned for activities like boating, trekking, and sightseeing. Additionally, explore the hidden gem of Keezharkuthu Falls, a lesser-known yet mesmerizing waterfall. Don’t miss the opportunity to witness the captivating seven-step Thommankuthu Falls, forming a picturesque pool.
Getting to Idukki Dam
To reach Idukki Dam, you can avail yourself of various transportation options. The nearest railway station is in Kottayam, approximately 103 kilometers away from the district